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78th Annual Summer Conference, August 6–9, 2009

Speaker Biographies


Ian Burton
Emeritus Professor and climate change expert, University of Toronto

Ian Burton’s research and writing is on adaptation to climate change. He has previously specialized in natural hazard and disaster risk reduction and environment and development. Ian is an Emeritus Professor at the University of Toronto and a Scientist Emeritus with the Meteorological Service of Canada. He now works as an independent scholar and consultant, mainly on the boundaries between science and policy. He has been an IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) Lead Author in the last two assessments and is now helping in the preparations for the 5th Assessment due in 2012–13.

Ian is co-chair of the Ontario Expert Advisory Panel on Adaptation to Climate Change and co-chair of the World Bank Expert Group on Climate Resilience. Recent consulting assignments include work for the United Nations Secretariat for the UNFCCC (UN Framework Convention on Climate Change) on adaptation finance, and the UK DFID (Department for International Development) in Bangladesh, and a financial flows evaluation study for DANIDA (the Danish Development Assistance Agency).

In the interests of world food security Ian is enthusiastically helping to promote:

  • Greater public awareness and understanding of the potential benefits of adaptation to climate change.
  • Ways to raise more public and private funds to support adaptation.
  • Public-private partnerships to facilitate the expansion of micro-insurance and other insurance products in developing countries.

Jennifer Clapp
CIGI Chair in International Governance and Professor, Environment and Resource Studies, University of Waterloo

Jennifer Clapp is a CIGI Chair in International Governance and Professor in both the Balsillie School of International Affairs and the Faculty of Environmental Studies at the University of Waterloo. Her published work covers a range of topics at the interface of the global economy, food, and the environment, including the politics of agricultural trade, food aid, agricultural biotechnology, and the role of transnational corporations in global environmental and food governance.

She is author of Paths to a Green World: The Political Economy of the Global Environment (co-authored with Peter Dauvergne, MIT Press, 2005); Toxic Exports: The Transfer of Hazardous Wastes from Rich to Poor Countries (Cornell University Press, 2001) and Adjustment and Agriculture in Africa: Farmers, the State and the World Bank in Guinea (MacMillan, 1997).

She is co-editor Corporate Accountability and Sustainable Development (with Peter Utting, OUP, 2008) and of the forthcoming edited books Corporate Power in Global Agri-Food Governance (MIT Press, 2009) and The Global Food Crisis: Governance Challenges and Opportunities (Wilfrid University Press).

Professor Clapp is co-editor of the journal Global Environmental Politics (MIT Press) and editorial board member of the journal Global Governance, and Program Leader for the Environment and Resources Research Group at the Centre for International Governance Innovation. She holds a B.A. in Economics from the University of Michigan, and an M.Sc. and Ph.D. in International Relations from the London School of Economics. Professor Clapp is currently completing a book manuscript on the politics of food aid.


Donald Coxe
Global Portfolio Strategist and Chairman, Coxe Advisors LLC

Since 1992, Don Coxe has been analyzing and making recommendations on global markets for clients of BMO Financial Group through his monthly journal Basic Points, weekly conference calls and in public and private meetings. At the end of 2008, Don retired to focus his efforts on his consulting business and new special projects. He continues to consult with the firm.

Don has more than 35 years of institutional investment experience in Canada and the US. As Chairman, Coxe Advisors LLC., he continues to follow global capital markets, and write and speak for investors based on his maxim, “Never invest on the basis of a story on Page One – that is the efficient market. Invest on the basis of a story on Page Sixteen, that is headed on its way to Page One”.

The Coxe Commodity Strategy Fund (TSX: COX.UN) launched in 2008 – at $297m – was the largest IPO in Canada for the year. Mr. Coxe continues to serve as Portfolio Consultant to Harris Investment Management Inc., the investment advisor to the Coxe Commodity Fund.

In the future, Don intends to devote time to addressing the global food challenge, which is likely to become the global food crisis. Before entering the investment business, he served as General Manager for the Ontario Federation of Agriculture and General Counsel for the Canadian Federation of Agriculture. For many years, he was involved in framing public policy for agriculture and for public pension funds. He considers his greatest accomplishment the repeal of provincial death taxes on Canadian family farms.


Ronald Doering
Partner, Gowling Lafleur Henderson LLP

Ronald L. Doering, B.A., LL.B., M.A., LL.D., is a partner in the Ottawa law offices of Gowling Lafleur Henderson LLP where he practices law with the Government Relations and Regulatory Affairs Group. He had the lead responsibility for all aspects of setting up the Canadian Food Inspection Agency and then served as its President for several years. He now practices primarily in the area of agriculture, food and drug law where he provides regulatory law services to a broad range of Canadian and international companies.

He has also retained his longstanding interest in aboriginal law and policy having acted over the years for many aboriginal groups, especially in matters relating to environmental assessments and aboriginal claims. He is currently the Chief Federal Negotiator in the Caledonia/Six Nations claims negotiations.

He has written extensively on many public policy issues including a chapter on Foodborne Illness for the new book Public Health Law and Policy in Canada. He writes the popular monthly columns on food law for Food in Canada and Food Safety and Quality Magazine, the leading trade magazines for the food industry. Dr. Doering is an adjunct professor at the University of Guelph (OAC).


Richard Ellis
Senior Vice-President, Communications & Corporate Affairs, McDonald’s Restaurants of Canada Limited

Richard Ellis re-joined McDonald’s Restaurants of Canada Limited as Senior Vice President, Communications & Public Affairs, in September 2008 following a number of years serving as Vice President, Communications at McDonald’s USA, LLC in Oak Brook, Illinois. Prior to joining McDonald’s USA, Ellis held the position of Vice President, Communications & Public Affairs at McDonald’s Restaurants of Canada Limited from 2003–2005. Ellis was appointed President, Ronald McDonald House Charities of Canada (RMHC) in November of 2008.

Prior to joining the McDonald’s organization, Richard was President & Chief Executive Officer of Weber Shandwick Worldwide (Canada) Inc., Canada’s leading national public relations consultancy. While at Weber Shandwick, Ellis managed the firm’s business operations across Canada and applied his strategic public relations, issues / crisis management and marketing communications expertise to a wide variety of leading Canadian and international clients.

Ellis began his communications career more than twenty years ago as Community Relations Officer at Ontario Hydro in Toronto, Canada. Following his time with Ontario Hydro, Richard was Director of Communications at General Mills Restaurants (Canada) Limited and Vice President at Marshall Fenn Communications.

A native of Toronto, Richard is a member of the Board of Directors of Ronald McDonald House Charities of Canada, AIDS Foundation of Chicago (Chicago, IL), The Toronto Santa Claus Parade and the Canadian Foundation for AIDS Research (CANFAR). He is an accredited member of both the Canadian Public Relations Society (CPRS) and the International Association of Business Communicators (IABC) and holds numerous, ongoing volunteer positions. Richard is also an active member of McDonald’s Global Communications Council and Worldwide Corporate Relations Council.

Ellis graduated from the University of Western Ontario in London, Ontario, in 1986 with a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Sociology and Urban Development.


Debbie Field
Executive Director, FoodShare, Inc.

For the past 17 years, Debbie Field has been the Executive Director of FoodShare Toronto. She came to FoodShare through her role as a founding member of the Coalition for Student Nutrition. As a parent, she was instrumental in organizing a hot lunch program at her children’s school.

FoodShare’s vision is: “Good Healthy Food for All” and its mission is working with communities to improve access to affordable, healthy, sustainably produced food.

She has helped to build FoodShare into Canada’s largest food security organization. In her time at FoodShare she has helped to expand the organization's work in the area of active nutrition education. Debbie believes passionately in the power and healing nature of food, and works to change the way our society sees food. Rather than fast food, FoodShare promotes home-cooking. Rather than eating on the run, FoodShare promotes meals as opportunities for families, friends and communities for sharing and community building. Rather than any food at all, FoodShare encourages healthy food.

Building on the positive work started in 1985 when FoodShare was started, Debbie helped the organization grow and expand its work from direct service to increased advocacy and entrepreneurial activity. The Foodshare budget is now $5 million a year, up from $600,000 in 1992 when Debbie came to FoodShare. The staff has likewise grown from 6 to 48, and the number of programs has expanded in a similar fashion. Debbie and the staff team at FoodShare have taken risks and grown innovative new programs that help to make the food system better for individuals, communities and the society at large.


Harriet Friedmann
Fellow, Munk Centre for International Studies, University of Toronto and Professor of Sociology, University of Toronto Mississauga

Harriet Friedmann is Fellow of the Munk Centre for International Studies, University of Toronto and Professor of Sociology at the University of Toronto Mississauga. She is serving a second term on the Toronto Food Policy Council (the first as Chair). She collaborates with international research on comparative farming systems including the International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology, the Observatory of World Agricultures, led by Centre de cooperation internationale en recherche en agronomique pour le developpement (France), and the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food.

Friedmann is completing research on the politics of food standards at regional, national, and international scales, including public, private, and third sector initiatives. She is launching a new project in collaboration with public, private and nonprofit organizations in the Toronto region which are working to deepen urban-rural food networks. The research focuses on cultural renewal as key to deepening the widely recognized leadership of the Toronto community of food practice, including (1) diverse cuisines and agronomies of New Canadians from around the globe, (2) renewing livelihoods in the farm sector, through encouraging young farmers and New Canadians to farm ecologically, (3) making farmland available, particularly in the pilot Greenbelt, and (4) revising public policies to build on the potential of the agrifood sector as foundation for creative urban-regional economies.

Friedmann is a co-founder of the food regimes approach, which has inspired interdisciplinary research and debate on global, national, and local agrifood systems. She has published widely on family farms, regional agrifood economies and international political economy and political ecology of food and agriculture. She has published in (among others) Agriculture and Human Values, Sociologia Ruralis, Journal of Agrarian Change, Journal of Peasant Studies, New Left Review, and American Journal of Sociology. Her work has been translated into several languages, most recently as a popular book in Japanese. She teaches courses on global governance, development, and food at graduate and undergraduate levels, for both Sociology and Global Studies.


Emrul Hasan
Economic Policy and Development Advisor, Plan Canada

Mohammed Emrul Hasan is currently the Economic Policy and Development Advisor with Plan Canada, and holds specializations in microfinance, financial and economic sector reform, enterprise development and promotion, integrated livelihoods and food security issues. He is a post-graduate in International Development Finance and Economics, with a Bachelor’s degree in Business Administration majoring in finance and accounting and has provided services to ADB, UNDP, UNWFP, European Union, ActionAid, Plan International, CGAP, CIDA, DFID, SDC, BRAC, South Asian Partnership, Sonali Bank and numerous NGOs/MFIs across South Asia, Southeast Asia, East and West Africa, South and Central America and East Europe.

Mr. Hasan has worked directly with 25 renowned large-scale, mid-scale and small-scale organizations in the areas of organization development, business planning and growth, program development, innovative approaches (developing hybrid models), financial and internal control systems development, capacity development and program evaluations using a range of innovative tools and techniques. He is a CGAP-certified trainer in Microfinance and also a MicroSave’s Certified Service Provider (CSP) in participatory market research.

Mr. Hasan is trained in fundraising and local resource mobilization for NGOs by Resource Alliance, UK; in policy analysis and advocacy by the Institute of Policy Analysis and Advocacy, Proshika; and in lobbying by BBO, Netherlands. He has researched and written numerous publications focused on microfinance, financial sector reform, governance and development, privatization, poverty and economic growth, disaster management and preparedness, food security, and child-centered community development.

Mr. Hasan has worked in more than 15 countries and his expertise on public concerns, policy and programs are frequently called upon by media, radio and television, and universities, networks, governments, multi-laterals, UN agencies, NGOs and donors around the world. His current work includes leading the International Food and Economic Crisis Working Group of Plan International and active membership in the Trans-Atlantic Food Aid Dialogue and the Canadian Food Security Policy Group.


Glen Hodgson
Senior Vice-President and Chief Economist, The Conference Board of Canada

Glen Hodgson brings 27 years of experience and a specialization in international economic and financial issues to the position of Senior Vice-President and Chief Economist of the Conference Board of Canada.

Mr. Hodgson is responsible for overseeing the Board's macro-economic outlook products, tourism, custom research and conferences programs. He is the Board’s chief spokesperson on economic issues, has written extensively on Canadian and international economic and financial issues, and is bilingual.

He plays a central role in enhancing the Board's public policy analysis. He published Mission Possible: Stellar Canadian Performance in the Global Economy in January 2007, co-authored with Anne Park Shannon and available at Glen took the lead in launching the Board’s International Trade and Investment Centre, and has published more than 80 articles and briefings including a series on Canadian tax reform for sustainable prosperity.

Mr. Hodgson joined the Board in September 2004, after 10 years at Export Development Canada (EDC), where he held several senior positions including Vice President of Policy and Deputy Chief Economist. He also spent 10 years with the federal Department of Finance. From 1984 to 1988, Mr. Hodgson served as Advisor/Assistant to the Executive Director for Canada, Ireland and the Caribbean at the International Monetary Fund.

Mr. Hodgson has an M.A. in Economics from McGill University and also pursued Ph.D. studies at McGill. He resides in Ottawa with his wife and two sons. He spends leisure time coaching youth soccer and cycling.


Rory McAlpine
Vice-President, Government & Industry Relations, Maple Leaf Foods, Inc.

Appointed to his current position in November 2005, Mr. McAlpine has overall responsibility for building strong and effective relationships with government and industry stakeholders to develop a coordinated and proactive government and industry relations program across Maple Leaf Foods.

Mr. McAlpine has more than 20 years of experience in government, trade and agribusiness. Prior to joining Maple Leaf Foods, he was Deputy Minister of the B.C Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries, a position he held from 2002 to 2005. Previously, he obtained significant experience with the Federal Government as Executive Director and Director General, International Trade Policy Directorate; Director Grains and Oilseeds Division; and Deputy Director Multilateral Trade with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. He was also the former Executive Director of the National Farm Products Council, and was a Trade Commissioner with the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, with postings in Kuwait, Bangkok, Brussels, Edmonton and Ottawa.

Mr. McAlpine represents Maple Leaf Foods on the international affairs committees of the Canadian Chamber of Commerce and the association of Canadian Manufacturers and Exporters. He is also on the advisory committee to the Dean of the Ontario Agricultural College, the program advisory committee for the Kemptville Campus of the University of Guelph and is a member of the Board of Trustees for the Ontario 4-H Foundation.

Mr. McAlpine holds a Masters degree in Economics from the University of St. Andrews in Scotland.

Maple Leaf Foods Inc. is a leading food processing company, headquartered in Toronto, Canada. The Company employs approximately 23,000 people at its operations across Canada and in the United States, United Kingdom and Asia, and had sales of $5.2 billion in 2007.


Alex McCalla
Professor of Agriculture and Resource Economics, Emeritus, University of California – Davis

Born in Alberta, Dr. McCalla received his first two degrees from the University of Alberta before moving on to the University of Minnesota where he received his doctorate in Agricultural Economics in 1966. Throughout his academic career he was associated with the University of California Davis where he served as Dean of the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences and Associate Director of the California Agricultural Experiment Station (1970–75) and Founding Dean, Graduate School of Management (1979–81).

Dr. McCalla is best known for his research in international trade where he has published extensively. The quality of his research and communication skills have been recognized by the American Agricultural Economics Association which presented him with its Quality of Communication Award in 1979 and its Quality of Research Discovery Award in 1982. He was elected Fellow of the American Agricultural Economics Association in 1988, a Fellow of the Canadian Agricultural Economics Society in 2000 and a Distinguished Scholar of the Western Agricultural Economics Association in 2004. He was a founding member and co-convener of the International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium. He served as the Chair of the Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) from 1988 to 1994

He elected early retirement from the University of California in June 1994 and was appointed Director of the Agriculture and Natural Resources Department of the World Bank in Washington, D.C., effective September 12, 1994. During his tenure he led a major effort to revitalize the World Bank's commitment to Rural Development. He was appointed Director of Rural Development in July 1997, following a Bank reorganization. He retired from the World Bank December 31, 1999.

In June 1998 he was awarded the Degree of Doctor of Science, honoris causa, by McGill University in Montreal. On December 28, 1999, he was awarded the Doctor’s Degree of Honor by the Georgian State Agrarian University. In September of 2004 he received the Distinguished Alumni Award from the University of Alberta.

He served as Chair of the Board of Trustees of CIMMYT, the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, a CGIAR Center with Headquarters in Mexico (2001–05) and is a member of the Board of Directors of the Danforth Plant Science Center in St. Louis. He currently serves as President of the UC Davis Emeriti Association.


Pat Mooney
Executive Director, ETC Group

For more than 30 years, Pat Mooney has worked with civil society organizations (CSOs) on international trade and development issues related to agriculture and biodiversity. Mooney has lived most of his life on the Canadian prairies. The author or co-author of several books on the politics of biotechnology and biodiversity, Pat Mooney received the Right Livelihood Award (the “Alternative Nobel Prize”) in the Swedish Parliament in 1985. In 1998 Mooney received the Pearson Peace Prize from Canada’s Governor General. He also received the American “Giraffe Award” given to people “who stick their necks out”. Pat Mooney has no university training, but is widely regarded as an authority on agricultural biodiversity and new technology issues.

Together with Cary Fowler and Hope Shand, Pat Mooney began working on the “seeds” issue in 1977. In 1984, the three co-founded RAFI (Rural Advancement Foundation International), whose name was changed to ETC group (pronounced “etcetera” group) in 2001. ETC Group is a small international CSO addressing the impact of new technologies on rural communities. ETC has offices in Canada, the United States, and Mexico, and works closely with CSO partners around the world.


Ray Mowling
Executive Director, Biotech Council and Past President, Monsanto Canada

Ray Mowling spent most of his career with Monsanto Company, a 100-year-old worldwide organization with headquarters in St. Louis. He culminated his 30-year career with Monsanto, which included assignments in Brazil and Mexico, as President of Monsanto Canada Inc.

For most of its history the Monsanto businesses were in industrial chemicals, plastics, fibres and process instrumentation. The work in agricultural chemicals that includes a range of herbicide products like Roundup began in the 1950s. In the late 1980s the company acquired Searle Pharmaceutical and the NutraSweet/Equal businesses and identified for the first time a commercial opportunity in “Life Sciences”.

In 2001, Mr. Mowling became Executive Director of the Council for Biotechnology Information formed by the leading developers of plant biotech products (Dupont, Dow, BASF, Bayer, Syngenta and Monsanto) to share information on the benefits of plant biotech to interested Canadians. These companies recognized that public acceptance was as important as the technology itself. The outreach included the use of advertising in the early years, PR and trusted third-party spokespeople like academics, farmers and dietitians. This program still exists but in a much-reduced form as the 14 years of planting, the benefits and lack of safety or other issues has reduced the concern levels. In addition many more countries including in Europe have responded to the needs for more nutritious food at low prices (i.e., crop yields) while improving the environmental impact through less pesticide use.

Mr. Mowling is married to Gerlinde Herrmann President of The Herrmann Group, executive recruiters and talent management professionals and past chair of the board of Directors of the Human Resources Professionals Association.

Mr. Mowling has a B.Com degree and has served on several business boards including the Canadian Chamber of Commerce and Biotech Canada. He has also been on not for profit boards and has been recognized with several awards including communication, advertising and an award from Planet Africa. He is an honorary member of the Office of Science and Society (OSS) at McGill University, headed by Dr. Joe Schwarcz.


Carol Off
Host, CBC Radio’s As It Happens and author, Bitter Chocolate

With extensive experience in both Canadian and international current affairs, Carol Off has covered conflicts in the Middle East, Haiti, the Balkans and the sub-continent, as well as events in the former Soviet Union, Europe, Asia, the United States and Canada. She reported the fallout from the 9/11 disasters with news features and documentaries from New York, Washington, London, Cairo and Afghanistan. She has covered Canadian military missions around the world including its latest combat operation in Kandahar.

Carol Off has won numerous awards for television and radio work, among them: a Gemini; two gold medals from the New York Festival of Television; a selected screening at the Monte Carlo Television Festival; several awards and citations from the Columbia Television awards; a Gabriel award; a B'nai Brith Award and a number of awards and citations from the National Radio and Television Association.

She is a graduate of the University of Western Ontario. She lives and works in Toronto.


Eric Reguly
European Business Correspondent, Rome Bureau, The Globe and Mail Report on Business

Eric Reguly joined The Globe and Mail in November of 1997 and is currently the paper's roving European business correspondent. He has an Honours Bachelor of Arts in English and French Literature and a Masters in Journalism from the University of Western Ontario. He has worked for a number of publications, including the Times of London, The Financial Post in New York and London, England, the Financial Times of Canada, Alberta Report magazine and the London (Ontario) Free Press.

Until April, 2007, when he became moved to Rome, Eric wrote the paper's main business column from Toronto. He also co-hosted a daily business programme on BNN, formerly Report on Business Television, and contributed to several magazines and web sites, including the Globe’s Report on Business Magazine, and Time Canada. He is a regular guest on CBC Radio and makes speeches about business issues. Eric has won several awards for his work, including, in 2007, the Hyman Solomon Award for Excellence in Public Policy Journalism. In the same year, he was nominated for a National Newspaper Award for his coverage of the BCE Inc. leveraged buyout attempt.

Eric was born in Vancouver, grew up in Toronto, Washington, D.C., and Rome and has Canadian and Italian citizenship. He is married to Karen Zagor, who works in the communications department of the United Nations' International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) in Rome. He and Karen have two daughters, Arianna and Emma, who will, their father expects, become dazzling Italian soccer stars.


Susan Walsh
Executive Director, USC Canada

Susan Walsh cut her teeth in development work with Canada World Youth completing a 10-month contract as a staff member of their India-Canada team in 1984. Upon her return to Canada she was recruited as USC Canada’s program officer for Nepal and Indonesia, an assignment that lasted five years. Work as the Executive Director of the World Food Day Association was next, followed by a 10-year stint in Winnipeg as the Canadian Lutheran World Relief’s Director for Latin America Programs. USC Canada drew her back to Ottawa in 2004, this time as the agency’s Executive Director.

During these past two decades, Susan has spearheaded strategies designed to promote the legal, cultural, and livelihood rights of indigenous peoples and marginalized farmers, strengthened though the completion of a doctoral degree in cultural anthropology at the University of Manitoba, and a year of SSHRC-sponsored field research on the biodiversity conservation and resilience strategies of indigenous potato farmers in Bolivia’s southern highlands.

Susan is also an experienced university lecturer and trained in mediation and cooperative conflict resolution, gender equity programming, environmental conservation, and participatory action research. She currently sits on the Board of the International Civil Society Alliance for the International Convention on Biological Diversity.


Samy Watson
Executive Director, World Bank

Samy Watson is the Executive Director for the World Bank. He has previously served as Special Advisor, Privy Council Office as well as Deputy Minister of Environment and Deputy Minister of Agriculture & Agri-food.

He is author of several publications including The Learning Journey: A Guide to Achieving Excellence (2001) and Leadership Requirements in the 21st Century: The Perception of Canadian Private Sector Leaders (2000).

Samy holds a B.A. in Political Science and a Ph.D. in Leadership Studies from Andrews University and a M.A. in Political Science from the University of Toronto.


Galen G. Weston
Executive Chairman, Loblaw Companies Limited

Galen G. Weston is Executive Chairman of Loblaw Companies Limited, Canada’s largest food distributor. Since his appointment in 2006, Mr. Weston has overseen a multi-year renewal of the business that has included a return to a focus on food; a restructuring of the organization to drive efficiency and unlock the benefits of national scale; and a significant investment program in store, supply chain and information technology infrastructure.

Under Mr. Weston’s leadership, Loblaw has increased its commitment to corporate social responsibility – leading the grocery industry in such areas as the reduction of plastic bag use and seafood sustainability. In 2008, Corporate Knights recognized Loblaw as the #1 retailer among its 50 Best Corporate Citizens in Canada.

In his 11 years with the company, Mr. Weston has held increasingly senior executive positions within Loblaw. He is a director of Wittington Investments, Limited and has served as a director of George Weston Limited. Mr. Weston holds a B.A. from Harvard University and an M.B.A. from Columbia University.

Loblaw Companies Limited is Canada's largest food distributor and a leading provider of general merchandise products, drugstore and financial products and services. Loblaw is also one of the largest private sector employers in Canada, with over 139,000 full-time and part-time employees executing its business strategy in more than 1,000 corporate and franchised stores from coast to coast. The corporation’s shares trade on the Toronto Stock Exchange under the symbol L.